Our Vintage Crockery, Bone China and Mismatch Crockery is English and dates from the late 1800s to the 1970s and comes in a huge array of colours,patterns and styles. Our vintage crockery stocks include tea cups and saucers, plates, bowls, jugs, tea sets and one, two and three tier cake stands. We also have meat and fish platters, rectangular cake plates and serving bowls in our collection.
The first development of what would become known as bone china was made by Thomas Frye at his Bow porcelain factory near Bow in East London in 1748. His factory was located very close to the cattle markets and slaughterhouses of Essex, and hence easy access to animal bones. Frye used up to 45% bone ash in his formulation to create what he called ‘fine porcelain.’ Although in quality it rivalled porcelain imported from Europe and China the factory was not a commercial success.
Josiah Spode in Stoke-on-Trent further developed the concept between 1789 and 1793, introducing his “Stoke China” in 1796, the year before his sudden death; his son Josian II quickly rechristened the ware “Bone china”. Among his developments was to abandon Frye’s procedure of calcining the bone together with some of the other body raw materials, instead calcining just the bone. Bone china quickly proved to be highly popular, leading to its production by other English pottery manufacturers.